Infectious Disease


Tuberculosis, commonly referred to as TB, is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterial disease usually attacks the lungs but can infect any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal.

  • Without treatment, about 10% of people with tuberculosis infection will eventually become sick with an active case of tuberculosis disease.
  • Completing a course of preventative medications for a tuberculosis infection reduces the chances of getting an active case of TB by about 90%.
  • Proper treatment of an active case of tuberculosis disease with at least three antibiotics will cure most cases.

For information, visit our TB testing and treatment page or the Centers for Disease Control tuberculosis page.


HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, or AIDS.  Unlike many other viruses, the human body cannot get rid of HIV.  That means that once you are HIV+,  you have it for life.

  • No safe and effective cure currently exists, but scientists are working hard to find one and remain hopeful.
  • With proper medical care, HIV can be controlled.
  • Treatment is often called antiretroviral therapy or ART, and can dramatically prolong the lives of many HIV+ people and lower their chance of passing the infecting to others.
  • HIV+ individuals who receive treatment before the disease is far advanced can expect to have a nearly normal life expectancy.

For information on HIV/AIDS outpatient primary care and referrals, visit the HIV/AIDS Treatment page or Specialty Care Clinic website.

Last Updated on June 21, 2021

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